Vu Ky was born in the province of Quang Nam (Central Vietnam), and went to Khai Dinh High school in the city of Hue.
In 1942, he studied at the Faculty of Law, University of Hanoi.
He joined the Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang revolutionary party (see History of Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang – contemporary struggle from 1927 to 1954 – by Viet Dan Hoang Van Dao, 1964) in 1946, and served as advisor to the anti-Communist National Front of Inter-Region 5 (Central Vietnam) until he was arrested in 1948 and sentenced 20 years in prison by Viet Minh.
He was released from prison in 1954 following the Geneva Accords. He joined anti-dictatorship groups and was exiled to Phu Quoc prison island from 1955 to 1958.
Following the fall of South Vietnam in 1975, he was arrested three times by the Communists and kept in reeducation centers.
In 1978, thanks to the intervention of the government of Belgium, he was released and resettled in Brussels, where he still lives.
Since then he has published numerous stories and newspaper articles, and literary criticism for magazines worldwide; 26 books (some in French) of various types; traveler’s diaries, notes, novels, and research, mostly comprising essays on Vietnamese literature and culture. His three most recent and best received books are: An Analytical Study of Vietnamese Culture; The Art of Literary Writing and Reading; and Back to the Origin.
He has worked with the French-language daily Le Soir in Brussels, and served as an examiner at international high school graduation exams in Geneva and London, as a lecturer at the Vietnamese Socio-Cultural Center in Brussels, and has been a member of the Writers’ Association of Belgium (Sabam).
Vu Ky, in addition to being a committed writer and a prisoner of conscience under the colonialist, nationalist, and communist regimes in Vietnam, has dedicated his life to preserving the best of traditional Vietnamese literature and culture and, at the same time, glorifying and promoting the fight for democracy and freedom in his homeland.
His outstanding literary achievements led to a nomination for the Nobel Prize in Literature by the U.S.-based Overseas Vietnamese Pen Club, a member of the International Pen Club. He was also selected as an outstanding Vietnamese by the author of the books The Pride of the Vietnamese for his valuable contributions to the remarkable achievements of the Vietnamese refugees around the world.
He is married and has six adult children, three living in Germany, two in Belgium, and one in America.